The Exodus Crew
When the President Warfield left Baltimore for Europe, its crew was mostly composed of Jewish volunteers with US military experience from WWII, as well as:
Captain Ike – an Israeli from the Palyam (naval branch of the Haganah/Palmach),
Reverend Stanley John Grauel – an American crew member and journalist, ( See Article - Click Here )
a Jewish doctor from Scotland,
two Mexican sailors,
one from Egypt,
an Israeli chief engineer,
an engineer from Brazil,
an engineer from Mexico
(see table below).
In Europe more Israelis joined the crew:
Yosi Harel Hamburger (Amnon) – ship’s commander,
accompanied by Micha Perry (Gad), Tsvi Katzenelson (Miri), Sima Shmuckler, and the Gideons (radio officers) Azriel Einav (Uzi) and Max Cohen
(in parentheses – their codenames).
Some of the foreign crew members left the President Warfield in France, under orders to transfer to other Clandestine Immigration ships to the Land of Israel. Others left the ship voluntarily to return from France to their homes. 25 foreign crew members underwent the full voyage – from Sète harbor to Haifa, then on the deportation ships to Hamburg, aiding the Exodus immigrants all along the arduous way to Hamburg.
Crew from Mexicofrom left to right are Reuben Margolis, Shmuel Schuller and Avraham Siegel, all from Mexico.
According to the book “Exodus - the True Story” by Aviva Halamish:
Some of the American crew members remained in the Land of Israel. They hid, together with the Israeli accompanying troops, inside four hidden spaces prepared ahead of time inside the Exodus (in the bow ballast tank, in the stern behind the large refrigerator, in the lowest deck between the two sea doors, and under the stairs from the second to the third deck). Orders were that all American crew members and all Israeli accompanying troops (except Michael Perry) were to hide in these spaces in case the ship was stopped by the British and taken to Haifa. As mentioned above, 25 of the American crew did not obey these orders.
Crew members who stayed in the Land of Israel were:
William Bernstein was killed in battle on the Exodus.
Reverend John Grauel identified himself to the British and disembarked in Haifa harbor.
5 of the crew hid as ordered in the hidden spaces, and exited the ship with the accompanying Israelis – the 5 were: Kort Baruch, Harold Leidner, Louis Selove, Roger Rofe and Avraham Sygal.
Bill Millman was wounded in the battle and was taken to a hospital.
Bernie Marks (who was presented to the British as the ship’s captain, to save “Ike” from discovery), Cy Weinstein and Stanley Ritzer were arrested by the British. They were released in September 1947 and returned by air to the USA.
Crew members on the President Warfield (on the voyage from Baltimore to Europe):
Country JOB Name
1) U.S. A
3) U.S. A
8) U.S. A
10) U.S.A 11)
Chief doctor on the Exodus
Aronowitz Yitzhak- Ike
Bernstein William- Bill
Cohen Dr. Josie
Garbesh Yaakov (Oron)
REV. Grauel Stanley John
Lifshitz Avi (Livney)
Millman William- Bill
Miller Dov (Mills)
Rosenfeld Teddy (Vardi)
Segal Zev (Vevie)
Starec David (Kochavi)